Watermarks can be converted to almost any glass surface from a shower door to a glass of water to an outdoor table. This can be caused by hard water, soapy water or just water droplets that are dried on the glass surface before they are erased. In any case, watermarks need to be removed from the glass to restore the appearance of clear, clean glass.


  1. Dip a cloth in pure white vinegar and rub over the watermarks. The vinegar will remove water spots and dry clear, which is the perfect solution
  2. Dip a piece of fine grain steel wool into the vinegar for stains that are not easily rubbed away with the cloth. This is useful for outdoor areas where watermarks or showers can be very prominent where spots of water are mixed with traces of soap scum.
    Rub gently with small circular movements, lightly polished out from water spots.

Tips and warnings

  • Mix a 50/50 solution of water and white vinegar and clean all glass surfaces. This solution will be to clean the glass, transparent drying and avoid water spots.
  • Also, dry the glass surfaces after cleaning or when they come into contact with water. This will remove water droplets before they have time to dry and stain the glass.

Before you know it, that little chip on the windshield can spread in a crack all over the car. The key to the treatment of a windshield crack is repairing quickly; otherwise, a complete windshield replacement is required. Several companies produce windshield chip repair kits that include a syringe, adhesive and crack fillers. If this method seems too daunting, a simple home remedy may be enough to stop the spread of a chip and avoid the need for a trip immediately to the auto store.


  • Repair kit

Move your car in a shaded area. The sun can dry the chip adhesive too quickly.

Thoroughly dry the windshield with soft, clean towels. When water enters a crack, it moves quickly and acts as an abrasive element. This moisture can propagate cracks and must be removed before repair.

Apply one of the adhesive strips of the kit centered on the windshield chip. Place the appliance on this strip with the cylinder facing up.

Pull the cover of the included syringe and place the point in the apparatus’ opening. The syringe is filled with adhesive used to fill the chip. Pull the syringe handle upward and leave it at the highest point for one minute. This pushes the air bubbles out of the crack and prepares the adhesive to inject.

Leave the handle of the syringe aside, allowing adhesive to be pushed into the crack. Repeat this process until a suitable amount of adhesive has been inserted.

Remove the syringe, apparatus and adhesive strip from the windshield. A small protrusion should be visible at the top of the crack. Leave it to dry for one hour before removing it with a razor blade. Use an alcohol-soaked towel to remove any adhesive residue off the chip.

  • Nail polish

Move your car in a shaded area to prevent premature drying.

Apply a layer of clear nail polish to the exterior and interior of the windscreen with nail polish applicator. Brush along any cracks that need repair. Nail polish serves as a temporary adhesive that fills the cracks and prevents diffusion.

Move the car in the sun to dry and clean any drip enamel with a clean towel.

Tips & Warnings

  • Nail polish is a temporary solution. Over time, a stronger repair or a complete replacement may be needed.
  • Follow the instructions in your repair kit. Each product can have different nuances that might require a different action plan.

The windshield, the rear window and some side windows are attached to the body using adhesive. Glued joints are relatively simple to make, provided the right products are used and the gluing instructions marked by the manufacturer are followed. Aspects like the cleaning and the preparation of the surfaces are vital to guarantee a correct paste.

The breaking of the moons, mainly of the windshield is one of the most frequent accidents that the vehicles suffer. The impact of objects in this frontal moon or the stresses generated in the event of a collision, causes the breaking of these pieces made of glass, a relatively fragile material, but necessary in the design of the vehicles.

The glass used in manufacturing has undergone considerable technological development since its inception, increasing the size of glazed surfaces in vehicles and also the number of functionalities incorporated into them.

In the case of windshields, its main function is to guarantee visibility through it, protecting the occupants from the impact of objects, dust, wind, rain or other atmospheric elements. In addition, thanks to the adhesive bonding system, it has become part of the sturdy structure of the body, improving the rigidity of the passenger compartment.

  • Features and benefits

On the basis of the functionalities or services provided by the moons we can talk about different types: tinted and sun-control moons reducing the incoming solar energy in the cabin, anti- icing and anti-fog heater, hydrophobic rain repellent, Solar antireflection layer, which incorporate antennas silkscreened, reducing acoustic sound and outer panes with supports such as light and activation of the wipers.

The latest technological advances related to windshields have been the Head-Up Display (HUD) systems that project information to the driver on the surface of the windshield and the installation of video cameras and sensors of the systems of assistance to the driving through Factory pre – assembled supports on its surface.

For all these functionalities, today the windshield is considered as one more element of the active and passive safety of the vehicle, having to pay special attention to the process of its installation to avoid adhesion failures or the systems incorporated to them and in this way to restore the Levels of safety.

  • Products used

In the process of installing a glued moon, two of the most important aspects are the products used and their correct application. These products are supplied on the market in the form of individual kits for a single application or separately in large quantities containers directed to the specific moons workshops.

As adhesive, specific polyurethanes are used, with appropriate technical characteristics to ensure the connection between the glass and the body. These polyurethanes possess the mechanical strength sufficient to withstand impacts, and the stiffness necessary to form part of the structure of the vehicle. The joint must have some flexibility to absorb the stresses generated during the usual displacement of the vehicle. A too rigid or too elastic joint can result in a decrease in the passive safety of the vehicle.

The polyurethanes used in the gluing of moons in vehicles, have specific characteristics to guarantee the adhesion.

Other products whose use is essential are the preparation of gluing surfaces, cleaners, activators and primers, used to promote and ensure a good adhesion between the different surfaces. In any bonded joint, the correct cleaning of the surfaces (body frame and glass) is essential, so that there is no dirt, oils or particles that prevent the adhesive from contacting the surfaces to be joined. To achieve the adhesion of the adhesive used (polyurethane) to the glass and sheet surfaces, primers or activators whose function is to facilitate and promote adhesion on these substrates are applied.

Adhesive bonding of the windows to the body improves the rigidity of the passenger compartment.

  • Replacement process

The first operation to be performed in the installation of a glued moon is to separate the moon from the body by cutting the adhesive that holds it together. Cutting machines and steel cables can be used for this operation. It is important to pay attention to the cut so as not to damage the paint on the body frame. In the forms the frame with the edge of the moon accumulates easily dirt and moisture, factors that favor the oxidation of the sheet. For this reason, any scratches on the paint must be protected. The manufacturers usually indicate the application of some of their products of the kit for this situation, usually it is usually the black primer. If it is the case that we find a surface of bare plate too large, it will have to perform the usual process of painting.

The bonding surfaces will then be prepared to achieve a good adhesion of the glass to the body by applying the intermediates (cleaners, activators, primers). Depending on the nature of the surface that we find, we will apply the preparation product indicated by the manufacturer. The surfaces to be treated will be: bare or painted veneer, remnants of the old adhesive and glass.

Glass and sheet metal surfaces should be cleaned properly with the cleaning agent. The next step is to activate or prime these surfaces to promote adhesion to them. Some manufacturers have products that combine several functions (cleaning, activation, and priming) at the same time, so always follow the instructions given by the manufacturer of the products, since the application process can vary from manufacturer to manufacturer.

In the case of polyurethane debris remaining in the body, the usual instruction of the manufacturers is to trim the old adhesive remains leaving a base of 1-2 mm where the new polyurethane will be applied. In this case there is a freshly cut clean base where the new polyurethane with old polyurethane will adhere without problem. If there is a long time between the cut and the time of application of the adhesive, a cleaning or activation of the polyurethane debris must be carried out with the suitable product. This instruction is valid provided that the old adhesive is a polyurethane of moons and that the base is well adhered, if not all the remnants of adhesive must be removed and a new complete cord is added.

To avoid glue failure of the bodywork, it is vital to follow the bonding instructions of the manufacturer of the products used.

Once the surfaces are prepared and the indicated drying times are expected, the adhesive is applied to the frame of the bodywork or to the windshield, then the moon is placed in the frame without pressing too much in order not to diminish the resistant section of the cord, and Keeps the drying time necessary for the adhesive to cure and to acquire adequate resistance, allowing a safe driving under safe conditions, without risk to the windshield falling or falling. Regarding the application of the cord, it should have a triangular shape, be applied regularly and continuously, avoiding cuts in its application since they present a risk for water ingress.

  • Conclusion

The installation procedure of a glued moon is a simple job, however the professional must know exactly the work process to follow, use a suitable products, and be very rigorous in the preparation phase of the gluing surfaces. The correct adhesion of the moon depends fundamentally on this operation, so it must be done with great care. It should not be forgotten that the windshield is now considered an element of vehicle safety.

You can remove glass screen print paints without causing any permanent damage. Sometimes manufacturers of window glass display information printed on glass or Window Company. Car dealerships and customization companies often display graphics and text directly on the glass of a vehicle. These identification markers can be harmful to the quality of sight through the glass. Painted designs can be scraped from the glass completely to make it look as though they were never there.

Concentrated blend of liquid dish soap in hot water. Soak a soft sponge in the soapy water. Press the sponge into a small area that is not visible on the glass. Remove the sponge.

Wipe the glass soap with a towel and inspect the screen to make sure that no damage was caused by the rub. Consult a professional auto detail if the small amount of scraping removes a film coating from the glass or left permanent scratches. If it is not the damage was caused by the scraper, move on to the next stage.

Cover the screen printed design with a layer of soap with the sponge. Hold the window edge of the scraper at a 45 degree angle to the glass and apply medium pressure.

Scrape the paint from the glasses of individual passes. Lift the glass sheet and gently lower it down again to begin the next pass. Clean the screen printed image with the sponge and soap several times to remove the scraped paint and lubricate the surface.

Clean all pieces of soap or paint with a clean towel. Spray glass cleaner over the entire glass surface. Clean the glass with cleaner in a quick circular motion to leave the glossy window free of paint.

It must have happened on more than one occasion. They are driving and suddenly the windshield begins to fog, sometimes even very quickly, creating in this way a situation of potential danger due to lack of vision. Why this phenomenon happens? How can we solve it?

Firstly, to understand why fog is formed in the windshield we have to make clear a few concepts. In the atmosphere, among many other gases, there is water vapor, which is still water in the gas phase. The amount of water vapor that a given mass of air can contain depends on its temperature. Specifically, warm air may contain more steam than dry, to the extent that approximately that amount of steam doubles as the temperature rises to 10 ° C. This property is key to understanding the formation of clouds and rain, since when a mass of air rises and cools, as each time may contain less steam, there will come a time when it is saturated, that is, where Can no longer contain more water vapor.

Let’s go back to our car and imagine a cold winter day in which we drive with the heating on. Inside the cabin, the temperature will be pleasant, and due to the steam we exhale when we breathe, the humidity inside the car will also be elevated. But outside it is cold, and the glass of our car, in contact with the outside, will have a much lower temperature than the interior of the car. In this way, the air inside the vehicle that comes in contact with it, will cool quickly, thus reducing the amount of water vapor that can contain, until, being unable to contain more, when cooled enough to Is saturated, will begin to condense in the form of mist on the cold windshield.

And, what can we do to get rid of that fog that can even cause an accident? Well, a simple trick is to connect the air conditioning and direct it towards the glass (with the heating on if you prefer, not to freeze us from cold). Air conditioning is a very dry air, an air therefore, which, according to the expression, “can fit” a lot of water vapor in its breast. In this way, just as the dry air dry the clothes very quickly, dry air conditioning will remove that mist from the surface of the windshield (if our car does not have air conditioning simply down the windows to enter cold air Exterior). Something similar can be done in the bathroom after showering: if we direct the warm dry air of the dryer towards the glass, the mist will disappear as if by magic.

The water that remains in the car by the rain, sprinklers or washing water can leave stains that look like rings white dull in the paint of your car or windows. Trying to remove them with a wet sponge is useless, since these marks require a solvent agent to remove the annoying substance. The cleaning solution must be very powerful to eliminate water marks without damaging the paint of your car. With the right tools you can remove water spots from the surface of your vehicle.

Instructions :

  1. Fill one bucket with hot water and two tablespoons of liquid soap.
  2. Wet the car with a hose. Dip the sponge into the bucket of soapy water and place it on the hood of the car. Fleet vigorously to remove dirt and grime from the surface.
  3. Rinse off the car bonnet soap. Go to the driver’s side and wash and rinse the same way. Continue with the trunk and then with the passenger side, cleaning and rinsing.
  4. Dry the entire car with soft fabrics.
  5. Fill a bottle with white vinegar spray. Fill it with cold water.
  6. Spray on the watermarks that are on the paint and the windows with the vinegar solution. Let it penetrate the marks for a minute. Rub the marks with a damp, clean sponge.
  7. Wash the car again after removing the difficult water spots on the car.

Tips & Warnings

  • Wax the car after using the solution with vinegar as it removes the previous wax from the paint.

For several years the only acceptable way to repair a water leak from the windshield was complete removal and re-installation of the glass. Concern is the potential development of rust in the entire frame of the windshield, especially since the front and rear glass are the structural components of the deck and adds rigidity to an otherwise weak area. It was later discovered that water leaks are the result of poor adhesion between the glass and the urethane, not the urethane for the frame. Consequently, in the early 1990’s General Motors issued a Technical Service Bulletin recommends that water leaks can be repaired from inside the car.

  1. Sit inside the car and carefully fold the roof lining in the front again the general area where the water leak is. Have an attendant slowly pour water over the windshield.
  2. A flashlight in the area where the water begins to drip. Catch drops of water with a towel and continue watching until the water stops. Dry the area well.
  3. Apply a small amount of silicone sealant to the exact spot where the water is leaking. Use only enough to cover the area. Press the silicone into the hole with a cleaning motion. Rub several times around the area and apply another small amount of sealant. Do not apply an excessive amount of sealant.
  4. Test the repair after allowing the sealant to dry for two hours. Use a flashlight to check that the leak has been fixed.

The fogged windshield can be annoying or dangerous depending on the amount of condensation on the windshield and how it affects your vision. Even if you use the air conditioning in the car and defroster to get rid of moisture, there is a chance to reappear in a few minutes. The fog is produced because the interior of the car has a different temperature to the outside. If you want to eliminate it completely while you drive, you have to make the interior temperature close to the outside air temperature.

Instructions :

  1. Allow fresh air to open through the windows. The air circulation outside will be enough to defuse the windshield without using the heating or air conditioning. This is sometimes not possible due to the cold or the rain, but if you install ventilation visors on the window you can reduce some problems like rain.
  2. Turn on the heater or air conditioner with the fan running at maximum power, set it to “defrost” or “defrost” and start with a warm temperature. Warm air from the grids will absorb moisture from the windshield more quickly as it contains more steam. However, it can also quickly become fogged again, which is why you should not keep this heat for too long.
  3. Reduce grid temperature gradually. It carries the temperature of the air near the one that has the outside air so that the windshield has the same temperature on both sides.

Tips & Warnings

  • Reverse the process if you want to defrost the windshield. Start by sending cold air through the grilles to remove frost (since it is on the outside). Once the windshield is clean, raise the temperature until it is level enough to prevent the glass from fogging up.

The windshield of a car is one of the elements most important protection, so it needs to be replaced if it has any cracks or damage no matter how small it is. It takes two people to remove the old windshield and install a new glass, working from inside and outside the car. It is necessary to hold the frame of the windscreen with a good flexible rubber packaging, so that the packaging must be changed if it is dry, cracked or damaged. Follow these tips for help.


  1. Disconnect the cleaners, rear view mirror, and any other objects near the windscreen glass. Remove the screws or hooks on the cleaners and unscrew the mirror. Cover heating vents to protect them from glass fragments.
  2. Check the packaging that seals the glass to the frame. It must be changed if it is cracked or hardened. Take it out by putting a knife into the rubber (do not stick to the glass) and sliding the knife along the entire edge. If the packaging is OK, stick a wooden stick along the outer edge to break the seal between the rubber and the frame, so that you can save it.
  3. Remove the glass by pushing it from inside the car. Push gently (do not kick it) with your feet and with the stick along the top of the glass. Have a second person outside grip the glass.
  4. Remove the old (if reusable) gasket from the old glass and place it on the new windshield, making sure that the thicker and heavier edge goes along the inside of the glass. If the packaging is new, remove the seal and allow it to warm up under the sun before installing.
  5. It cleans rust and grime from window frame and board. Cover the groove of the windshield gasket with petroleum jelly and insert a nylon cord throughout the entire package. Use sufficient cord and center so that both edges of the cord protrude at least 2 feet (60 cm) from the lower center of the package.
  6. Place the new glass in the windshield frame from the outside of the car, but place the loose edges of the cord inside the car. Take one of the edges of the cord from the inside and gently pull it out of the package to place your inner lip in place. Have your assistant push the rubber to hold it in place.
  7. Clean any trace of petroleum jelly left outside the frame. Reinstall the mirror and windshield wiper.

Some people carry their vehicle with professionals for repairing cracks and splinters on the windshield, but in fact this is a task that most people can carry out on their own. Windshield repair kits include all the materials you need to fissure your car’s windshield virtually disappears. It only takes an hour to do it, and the kit can be purchased at auto parts stores for less than $ 20.

Professional windshield repair kits

While it is tempting to try some simple solutions for repairing cracks in automotive windshields that use supplies you have on hand – like extra strong glue and clear nail polish – take into account that remedies such as extra strong glue and Nail polish can prevent the fissure from spreading through the windshield, but will not cover it. The windshield repair kits are designed to cover the entire fissure and when done well, the fissure will disappear completely. There are several windshield repair kits on the market, including Crack Eraser and Fix-A-Windshield. In addition to auto parts stores, windshield repair kits can be obtained online at stores.

The method

Remove loose glass from splinter or crack. Loose glass can be extracted using the corner of a razor blade. Do not apply too much pressure, or you will cause the crack to spread. Once the glass is removed, move the razor blade over the glass around the crack to remove dust and debris from the area, then wash the windshield with soap and water and continue with the application of denatured alcohol. This will remove debris from the windshield and prevent pieces of glass from falling into the fissure while applying adhesive. When the window is clean, allow the area to dry completely before beginning to use the windshield repair kit.

While the instructions for use vary from kit to kit, the basic process for windshield repair using a kit is to apply adhesive directly onto the fissure using the included adhesive syringe. Once the adhesive is applied, leave the tip of the syringe on the adhesive, then push and pull the plunger several times. This will eliminate the air pockets in the adhesive and will cause it to sink into all the cracks. Make sure all the bubbles have disappeared from the adhesive.

Once it dries, the adhesive will leave a film on the fissure, and it will be almost impossible to notice if there was a crack on the windshield. If a lump is left behind the area in which the syringe was inserted, it will be almost imperceptible. Although if you prefer to remove it, wait until the adhesive has dried for a few hours and then passes a sheet to shave gently over the protuberance to match it with the rest of the glass.